Blackheads, also known as “open” comedones, are a type of spot, which rise to the surface of the skin. These spots occur when oil and bacteria get trapped under your skin, often on your face, back and neck. As the skin over your spot breaks, it becomes exposed and it oxidises turning into dark or black colour.
There are many reasons why blackheads occur. The following are the most important factors:
- Producing too much body oil
- Greasy cosmetics
- Undergoing hormonal changes
- Lack of good nutrition
- Some medications such as corticosteroids, lithium or androgens
Taking certain precautions can definitely help prevent the appearance and frequency of your blackheads. Try the following tips:
- Eating antioxidant food which can be found in fruit – especially intensely coloured fruit such as berries or blackcurrants – and vegetables.
- Have a good skincare routine will help remove grime and dead skin cells from your skin. Choose products that are oil-free or water-based. Blackheads didn’t occur due to poor washing but keep your skin as clean as possible, washing it twice a day.
- Use make-up that is labelled as non-comedogenic. It’s less likely to cause blackheads as these types of cosmetics do not contain ingredients that are known to clog the pores.